Diachronic semantics of the roots of Modern Armenian (synthetic formation)

Authors

  • LALIK KHACHATRYAN ASPU
  • MARGUSH MIRUMYAN ASPU

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24234/journalforarmenianstudies.v1i64.83

Keywords:

root, semantics, Ancient Armenian, Modern Armenian, diachronic point of view, dependent root, independent root, semantic-thematic group

Abstract

This article deals with the vocabulary of the Modern Armenian language, the roots and lexical components of which are not explained by modern linguistic thinking. Words of this kind are Ancient Armenian formations, which were inherited into the Modern Armenian language along with the Ancient Armenian vocabulary. In this article, we took the original meanings of Ancient Armenian raroots as a starting point, applying the diachronic principle of interpretation of vocabulary.

The observed Ancient Armenian roots in Modern Armenian have indepen­dent and dependent functions.

  1. a) independent roots - Some Ancient Armenian roots have an independent function in modern Armenian, which at the same time act as generative bases at the lexical level. Among them are: բան, գահ, երկիր, խնդիր, խաղ, հասարակ, նահատակ, նշան, պատարագ
  2. b) dependent roots and stems- In modern Armenian, some roots, which are Ancient Armenian heritage and are interpreted with original, Ancient Armenian meanings, are characterized by a dependent function: they do not have verbal independence. Among them are - ասպ-, աշխար-, բեկ-, բաժ-, - գար-, գուճ- (կճ-), դուլ, խայտ-, կապույտ-, -հեղձ, -հեն, թով-, ելոյզ 

         The meanings of the observed roots (lexical components) in Modern Armenian can only be explained by the Ancient Armenian meanings from a diachronic point of view.

References

Aghayan Ed. (1984), Y'ndhanowr ev haykakan bar'agitowt'yown /General and Armenian lexicography/, Yerevan, YSU ed.

Bediryan P. (2020), Bar'eri xorhrdavor ashxarhic /From the mysterious world of words/, Yerevan, “Luys’ ed.

Gyurjinyan D. (2020), Zarmanali hayeren /Amazing Armenian/,Yerevan, “Edit Print’’ ed.

Khachatryan L. (2023), Grabarean yaradrowt'iwnneri p'oxakerpowmy' bardowt'iwnneri Makbay+bay kaghaparov (Tarjhamanakeay hayecake't) /Transformaton of Old Armenian analytical constructions into compound words with a pattern Adverb + verb > verb (Dyachronic aspect)/, Bazmavep, Review of Armenian Studies, vol. 1-2, Venetik, p. 253- 271։

Khachatryan L. (2018), Grabari d'evabanakan himqeri bar'akazmakan arjheqy' /The word-building value of the morphological bases of Grabar/, "Ejmiatsin" journal, S. Ejmiadzin, N 2, p․54-67։

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Published

13.06.2024