IMPERATIVE INDEFINITE-PERSONAL SENTENCES IN MODERN ARMENIAN LANGUAGE

Authors

  • GURGEN KHACHATRYAN ASPU
  • KARINE ARUSTAMYAN ASPU

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24234/journalforarmenianstudies.v1i64.84

Keywords:

direct speech, author’s words, speech situation, indefinite-personal, generalized-personal and definite-personal sentences, indirect object

Abstract

On the basis of the facts of the Modern Armenian language, the article sets the task to reveal the conditions under which the same phrase, used as part of a sentence with direct speech and expressed by the personal form of the 2nd person imperative verb, in one case acts as an indefinite-personal and in the other – as a definite-personal sentence, and also to demonstrate that in such indefinite-personal sentences, an essential role is played not only by the content plan of direct speech and the structure of the author’s words, but also the speech situation in which the author’s words and direct speech are realized.

With the help of indefinite-personal sentences expressed in direct speech, whose main member is the 2nd person verb singular or plural of the imperative mood, the addressee does not address certain persons or to everyone in general, but to those present, yet indefinite persons, demanding or calling to perform some kind of everyday action proceeding from a given speech situation.

The sentences we study in terms of phrase and at the content level differ significantly from the definite-personal and generalized-personal mononuclear sentences, which also function in the constructions of direct speech with the main members of the 2nd person of the imperative mood. That difference is due to some circumstances.

Similar sentences are found not only in the Old, Middle and Modern Armenian, but also in other languages, including Russian. They are used both in oral and written speech, giving it a certain stylistic markedness.

References

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Published

13.06.2024